When the outside temperature exceeds 8°C, ticks start to become active again. If you find that a tick has attached itself to your skin, you need to know how to remove it correctly. And when you should visit the doctor.
Ticks can transmit infections. To prevent infection, ticks should be removed immediately.
To remove a tick, you will need to use fine, pointed tweezers, a tick card or a tick pen. Grasp the tick as close to the site of the bite as possible, preferably by its head. Slowly pull the tick straight out, with one even stroke. Check that you have removed the whole tick and that no mouth parts are left in the wound. Lastly, disinfect the area.
What to remember when removing a tick:
In most cases, there is no need to see a doctor after being bitten by a tick. However, in the following cases or if symptoms occur, you will need to visit the doctor:
Yes. However, once the tick is no longer attached to your skin, a bite can be difficult to spot. There is no way of telling whether you have a tick bite or a mosquito bite by looking at the bite alone. Disinfect the wound and monitor the area over the next few days. If you notice any of the symptoms described in this article, you should visit the doctor.
Taking simple precautions can reduce the likelihood of being bitten by a tick when running through woods or along narrow paths.
Thoroughly check your body and clothes for ticks after jogging or walking.
Ticks like warm, moist skin. Make sure you inspect these areas carefully:
Remember to keep a particular eye out for young ticks. They are tiny and look a bit like spiders.
Ticks feed by penetrating your skin and extracting blood. Their mouth parts are made up of cutting organs, with which they cut the skin to access the blood supply, and the hypostome, which they insert into the incision to suck out the blood. The hypostome is anchored in the surrounding tissue with small barbs.
Lyme disease is caused by bacteria that inhabit the tick's intestines. If you have been bitten by a tick and it has started to access your blood supply, pathogens will migrate from its intestines to its salivary glands. After about 12 to 24 hours, the bacteria enter the human body along with the saliva. If Lyme disease is detected in time, it can be easily treated with antibiotics. There is no vaccine.
TBE is caused by a virus. The pathogens are in a tick’s saliva. This means they can enter the human body shortly after you’ve been bitten, unlike Lyme disease. Not every tick transmits the TBE virus and not every infected person will develop the disease. In rare cases, however, TBE may be severe and even fatal. A vaccine is available to protect against TBE.