For many mothers, pregnancy and childbirth involve more than joyful anticipation. This is also a time of extreme physical and mental strain. Tears and distress often occur after childbirth. If this turns into postnatal depression, professional treatment is advisable. The mother needs the advice and assistance of her medical examiner or midwife.
Tears, anxiety or irritability: around one half of all mothers experience mood swings – otherwise known as the baby blues – in the days after giving birth. This emotional roller coaster is caused by hormonal changes in the body. The baby blues usually pass after a few days without the need for any medical treatment. Women can generally rely on the help of their partners, families and friends to get them through this difficult period.
It is a different story, however, when it comes to postnatal depression, also known as postpartum depression. This tends to develop gradually in the first year after giving birth. The symptoms are similar to those of «normal» depression: persistent sadness, fatigue, a lack of motivation, anxiety, loss of sex drive and physical complaints such as headaches, back pain or stomach problems. Women affected by this often have ambivalent feelings towards their child and feel guilty because they believe they can't love their child properly.
The signs of postnatal depression often go unrecognised. Mothers who feel the baby blues are lasting for longer than normal should not hesitate to ask their doctor or midwife for advice. Postnatal depression is an illness requiring treatment and it is nothing to be ashamed of.
Even without postnatal depression, the first few days and months with a baby cause a lot of strain. The body and mind need time to recover and adjust to this new situation. New mothers should therefore make sure they also take care of their own well-being.
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