Diabetes

Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes

«Diagnosed with type 2 diabetes – I can hardly believe it, although the symptoms are unambiguous. What does this diagnosis mean for my life?»

Diagnose Diabetes Typ 2

Type 2 diabetes is a diagnosis that is not easily digested. But it may reassure you to know that you're not alone. This form of diabetes, in which the body's cells do not respond to insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, is very common.

Around 320,000 people in Switzerland are living with diabetes. And it can be assumed that there are many more unreported cases. Type 2 diabetes, a chronic metabolic disease, is not (yet) curable, but fortunately it can be successfully treated. The aim with type 2 diabetes is to maintain the blood glucose levels at values as close to normal as possible and to prevent complications.

What should I do if I have type 2 diabetes?

In this new life situation, you will have to keep a close eye on additional risk factors, such as being overweight, hypertension and especially your blood lipid values. A poorly controlled blood sugar level also exacerbates this metabolic disorder. This increases the risk of arteriosclerosis, which can lead to blood vessel damage, eye disorders, kidney disorders, heart attack or stroke.

Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes: do you need medication?

A change of lifestyle with a healthy diet and a lot of exercise may be enough to stabilise the blood glucose level at normal values in type 2 diabetics. However, most diabetics require support in the form of medication.

Your GP will first prescribe oral antidiabetic drugs for you. These tablets influence blood glucose levels in various ways. However, some work only if the pancreas is still able to produce a certain amount of insulin. If this is no longer the case, and your blood glucose values remain high despite the medication, your doctor will change the treatment to insulin.

Measuring blood glucose levels

The switch to insulin means that you will have to measure your blood glucose level regularly. Reliable and handy test devices with test strips are available for this purpose. Your GP will tell you how often you should measure your blood glucose.

Diagnosed with type 2 diabetes: switch to a healthy diet now

In type 2 diabetes, a balanced low-calorie diet can help a lot. Vegetables, salads, fruit and whole-grain products should be at the top of your shopping list. Losing even a few excess pounds can help reduce your blood glucose level. Adapt the intervals between meals to your needs and changes in your blood glucose level. Distribute your carbohydrate requirement among several meals, and award yourself a glass of wine from time to time if your blood glucose measurement allows it. Smoking has a negative effect on diabetes.

Add more exercise to your life

Regular exercise is particularly important for people with type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps to lose weight and reduce blood pressure. Exercise is an important element of your treatment for diabetes. Regular exercise also reduces fatty tissue in the body and builds up muscle. Muscles, in turn, can absorb glucose even without insulin.

Choose an activity you like and enjoy. It doesn't matter if you choose running, swimming or cycling. The important thing is that you exercise regularly. Ideally, you should combine endurance training with power training. You may find it easier to get the exercise you need by joining a group. Integrate exercise into your daily life, for example by climbing stairs instead of taking the lift, leaving the car at home more often or getting off the tram or bus a stop earlier and walking the rest of the way.

Discussing diabetes among family and friends

Talk with your family and friends about your feelings after being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and explain to them why you have to alter your lifestyle. You'll be able to cope better with your new life situation with the support of those close to you.

What can Helsana do for you?

The more you know about diabetes the better

The Swiss Diabetes Association will help you to deal with the condition if you have been diagnosed with diabetes. During your diabetes consultations, you will learn everything you need to know to follow a healthy diet, prevent complications, check your blood and urinary glucose levels yourself, and handle therapeutic aids safely. The basic insurance covers the costs of any sessions you may require with a recognised specialist minus the deductible and copayment.

Diabetes medication, products and measuring systems

Provided that you can produce a medical prescription, the basic insurance will cover the costs of the required number of test strips up to a maximum amount according to the List of Aids and Equipment (MiGeL) of the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH), minus the deductible and copayment: for diabetics requiring insulin, no quantity limit; for diabetics who do not require insulin, up to 400 test strips per year.

Helsana customers benefit from a special offer for diabetes products: With your first order of a diabetes starter pack from dynamiCARE, a contractual partner of Helsana, you will receive all the components required for 200 blood glucose measurements. You can also purchase blood glucose meters, lancets, injection aids and test strips at discounted prices. In addition, dynamiCARE grants a 20% discount on the starter pack and a 15% discount on subsequent orders and orders of individual products across the entire range.

Complementary medicine: diabetes and medicinal plants

Complementary medicine offers medicinal plants for diabetes that have a positive effect on blood glucose levels. If you are interested, for example, in natural therapeutic methods to complement conventional medical approaches, you should contact a non-medical practitioner of Traditional European Naturopathy (TEN), Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) or traditional homeopathy. Your supplementary insurance will cover a percentage of the costs for medicinal plants and homeopathic remedies for the treatment of diabetes and complementary medical treatments. In addition, your non-medical practitioner can help you with dietary advice. You can reach our specialists for complementary medicine on our free phone number 0800 100 590.

Healthy feet thanks to proper care

Type 2 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of open wounds on the feet. You should therefore take particularly good care of your feet and consult a specially trained professional.

The basic insurance covers the costs of medical foot care for diabetics by Spitex or a qualified professional. If you are treated by a recognised podiatrist with appropriate further training, i.e. a specialist in medical foot care, the TOP, OMNIA or COMPLETA supplementary insurance will pay a percentage of the fee, provided that the treatment is prescribed by a doctor. Podiatrists work hand in hand with GPs, orthopaedists, wound clinics and Spitex.

Support for your health

If you have taken out SANA or COMPLETA supplementary insurance, you can benefit from contributions to health-promoting measures. These include, for example, fitness programmes and weight-reduction programmes with integrated dietary and exercise tips.

Helsana will pay up to 75% of the costs of health-promoting measures up to CHF 200 per calendar year. In total, the two supplementary insurance policies will cover the costs for health-promoting measures up to CHF 500 per calendar year.

Medical aids and equipment

Basic insurance
According to list

You receive the costs of medically prescribed aids and apparatus, such as crutches, blood-sugar measuring devices, inhalation/respiration therapy equipment and compression stockings, up to the maximum amount specified by law.

This is on condition that the medical aids are listed in the aids and equipment list and that you obtain them from an authorised provider.


TOP
90% up to CHF 1,000 / Fixed amount

You receive 90% of the costs of medically prescribed aids and equipment that improve restricted body functions, such as blood pressure monitors and orthopaedic shoe inserts, up to CHF 1,000 per year.

This is on condition that the aids and equipment are recognised by us.

For reusable aids, you receive costs up to the fixed amount. You can find these in the list of reusable aids and equipment.


Product information:
TOP
COMPLETA
90% up to CHF 1,500 / Fixed amount

You receive 90% of the costs of medically prescribed aids and equipment that improve restricted body functions, such as blood pressure monitors and orthopaedic shoe inserts, up to CHF 1,500 per year.

This is on condition that the aids and equipment are recognised by us.

For reusable aids, you receive costs up to the fixed amount. You can find these in the list of reusable aids and equipment.


Product information:
COMPLETA
OMNIA
90% up to CHF 1,000 / Fixed amount

You receive 90% of the costs of medically prescribed aids and equipment that improve restricted body functions, such as blood pressure monitors and orthopaedic shoe inserts, up to CHF 1,000 per year.

This is on condition that the aids and equipment are recognised by us.

For reusable aids, you receive costs up to the fixed amount. You can find these in the list of reusable aids and equipment.


Product information:
OMNIA

Fitness offers

SANA
75% up to CHF 200

Choose a method and a provider that is recognised by us. Both are of high quality.

You will receive 75% of costs up to CHF 200 per calendar year for health-promoting fitness offers such as weight training at a fitness centre (fitness centre membership), fitness courses, aquafitness, etc.

Conditions:

  • The course is recognised by us.
  • The course instructor is recognised by us.
  • The fitness centre is recognised by us.

Product information:
SANA
COMPLETA
75% up to CHF 200

Choose a method and a provider that is recognised by us. Both are of high quality.

You will receive 75% of costs up to CHF 200 per calendar year for health-promoting fitness offers such as weight training at a fitness centre (fitness centre membership), fitness courses, aquafitness, etc.

Conditions:

  • The course is recognised by us.
  • The course instructor is recognised by us.
  • The fitness centre is recognised by us.

Product information:
COMPLETA

Courses offered by Helsana and its partners

SANA
75% up to CHF 200

You receive 75% of the costs of various health seminars, healthy eating and weight reduction courses (e.g. Weight Watchers) and 8-week MSBR courses, up to CHF 200 per calendar year.

Conditions:

  • The course is recognised by us.
  • MBSR courses are carried out by recognised teachers.

Product information:
SANA
COMPLETA
75% up to CHF 200

You receive 75% of the costs of various health seminars, healthy eating and weight reduction courses (e.g. Weight Watchers) and 8-week MSBR courses, up to CHF 200 per calendar year.

Conditions:

  • The course is recognised by us.
  • MBSR courses are carried out by recognised teachers.

Product information:
COMPLETA

Back and body-wellness courses

COMPLETA
75% up to CHF 200.–

It is important to us to provide a high level of quality in our health promotion offering, and we base our choices on internal and external quality criteria.

You receive 75% of costs up to CHF 200 per calendar year for selected back and body wellness courses known for their effective prevention.

Conditions:

  • The course is recognised by us.
  • The course is run by a recognised course instructor.

Product information:
COMPLETA

Foot care

Basic insurance
100%

You can claim the costs of medical foot care (chiropody) if you are a diabetic and the treatment is performed by Spitex or a qualified care specialist under a contract.


TOP
75% up to CHF 3'000.-

75% of the costs for medical foot care, podology, shall be covered (hourly rates up to CHF 90).

If you do not have diabetes and need foot treatments, please ask us in advance whether and under what conditions you would receive a contribution to help cover the costs from your supplementary insurance policies.

Conditions:

  • Treatment is provided by an accredited chiropodist who is a member of a chiropodists' association and is additionally qualified to treat diabetics.
  • Treatment has been prescribed by a doctor.
  • The precise diagnosis is stated in the prescription.

Product information:
TOP
COMPLETA
75% up to CHF 4'500.-

75% of the costs for medical foot care, podology, shall be covered (hourly rates up to CHF 90).

If you do not have diabetes and need foot treatments, please ask us in advance whether and under what conditions you would receive a contribution to help cover the costs from your supplementary insurance policies.

Conditions:

  • Treatment is provided by an accredited chiropodist who is a member of a chiropodists' association and is additionally qualified to treat diabetics.
  • Treatment has been prescribed by a doctor.
  • The precise diagnosis is stated in the prescription.

Product information:
COMPLETA
OMNIA
75% up to CHF 3'000.-

You can claim up to CHF 90 per hour for medical foot care (chiropody) if you are a diabetic.

Conditions:

  • Treatment is provided by an accredited chiropodist who is a member of a chiropodists' association and is additionally qualified to treat diabetics.
  • Treatment has been prescribed by a doctor.
  • The precise diagnosis is stated in the prescription.

Product information:
OMNIA

Complementary (alternative medicine)

Basic insurance
Defined methods

You receive contributions towards the costs of the following types of complementary medicine:

  • Anthroposophic medicine
  • Classical homoeopathy
  • Phytotherapy
  • Pharmacotherapy within traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)
  • Acupuncture

Please ensure that your doctor holds a recognised certificate of competence awarded by the Swiss Medical Association (FMH) for these methods.

The costs are refunded according to the tariff in the canton where the person lives or the tariff for his work location.


TOP

Product information:
TOP
SANA
75% of the costs (outpatient), 100% up to CHF 5000.- (inpatient)

For longer-term treatments, we will examine the medical necessity and request a report from your doctor or therapist.

Outpatient treatment

You receive 75% of the costs of complementary medicines and therapies, such as osteopathy, kinesiology, acupuncture massage and Bach flower therapy, provided there is an established medical necessity.

Inpatient treatment

You receive 100% of the costs of complementary medicines and therapies, provided there is an established medical necessity, up to CHF 5,000 per calendar year.

Conditions:

  • Your doctor, naturopath or complementary therapist is recognised by us.
  • The therapy method is recognised by us and mentioned on the list "Recognised therapeutic methods in complementary medicine".
  • The medicine is provided or prescribed by a doctor or by a naturopath recognised by us and are approved by the Swiss Agency for Therapeutic Products Swissmedic for the treatment of the existing illness. (Medications on the list of pharmaceutical products with a special application (LPPV) are excluded).
  • The inpatient treatment is prescribed by a doctor and is performed in a medical institution or convalescent facility recognised by us.

Product information:
SANA
COMPLETA
75% of the costs (outpatient), 100% up to CHF 5000.- (inpatient)

For longer-term treatments, we will examine the medical necessity and request a report from your doctor or therapist.

Outpatient treatment

You receive 75% of the costs of complementary medicines and therapies, such as osteopathy, kinesiology, acupuncture massage and Bach flower therapy, provided there is an established medical necessity.

Inpatient treatment

You receive 100% of the costs of complementary medicines and therapies, provided there is an established medical necessity, up to CHF 5,000 per calendar year.

Conditions:

  • Your doctor, naturopath or complementary therapist is recognised by us.
  • The therapy method is recognised by us and to find on the list "Recognised special forms of treatment" or "Recognised therapeutic methods in complementary medicine".
  • The medicine is provided or prescribed by a doctor or by a naturopath recognised by us and are approved by the Swiss Agency for Therapeutic Products Swissmedic for the treatment of the existing illness. (Medications on the list of pharmaceutical products with a special application (LPPV) are excluded).
  • The inpatient treatment is prescribed by a doctor and is performed in a medical institution or convalescent facility recognised by us.

Product information:
COMPLETA